Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: http://repositorio.ifg.edu.br/handle/prefix/275
Tipo: Artigo de Periódico
Título: Mechanical resistance, biometric and physicochemical characteristics of tomato cultivars for industrial processing
Título(s) alternativo(s): Mechanical resistance, biometric and physicochemical characteristics of tomato cultivars for industrial processing
Autor(es): Vieira, Darlene
Caliari, Márcio
Souza, Eli Regina
Soares Júnior, Manoel
Resumo: In order to help the choice and recommendation of cultivars with the greater mechanical resistance of fruits, this research aimed to determine the mechanical resistance and biometric and physicochemical characteristics of tomato cultivars for industrial processing. Eleven processing tomato cultivar fruits cultivar were used (IT761, H9992, H9553, AP533, Advance, N901, BR-Sena, U2006, HY26, HY37 and HY68). Tomatoes firmness was influenced by several factors, including thickness, epidermal cell shape, and internal structures. In general terms, fruits more resistant to compression and puncture presented low longitudinal diameter (55-59 mm), cross-sectional diameter (42-45 mm), scar diameter (5.8-6.6 mm), pericarp thickness (5.9-7.7 mm), fresh weight (56 - 70 g), volume (61-77 cm3) and ash (0.34-0.40 g 100 g-1), and high moisture content (96.2-96.6 g 100 g-1), and pectin content (0.39-0.47 mg 100 g-1). The fruits showing a better mechanical resistance come from AP533, IT761, HY37 and H9992 cultivars, which should be recommended for cultivation in order to reduce losses during harvest, bulk handling and transportation.
Abstract: In order to help the choice and recommendation of cultivars with the greater mechanical resistance of fruits, this research aimed to determine the mechanical resistance and biometric and physicochemical characteristics of tomato cultivars for industrial processing. Eleven processing tomato cultivar fruits cultivar were used (IT761, H9992, H9553, AP533, Advance, N901, BR-Sena, U2006, HY26, HY37 and HY68). Tomatoes firmness was influenced by several factors, including thickness, epidermal cell shape, and internal structures. In general terms, fruits more resistant to compression and puncture presented low longitudinal diameter (55-59 mm), cross-sectional diameter (42-45 mm), scar diameter (5.8-6.6 mm), pericarp thickness (5.9-7.7 mm), fresh weight (56 - 70 g), volume (61-77 cm3) and ash (0.34-0.40 g 100 g-1), and high moisture content (96.2-96.6 g 100 g-1), and pectin content (0.39-0.47 mg 100 g-1). The fruits showing a better mechanical resistance come from AP533, IT761, HY37 and H9992 cultivars, which should be recommended for cultivation in order to reduce losses during harvest, bulk handling and transportation.
Palavras-chave: Solanum lycopersicum L.
epidermis
fruit size
puncture
peduncle scar
CNPq: Ciências Agrárias
Idioma: por
País: Brasil
Citação: VIEIRA, Darlene Ana de Paula et al . Mechanical resistance, biometric and physicochemical characteristics of tomato cultivars for industrial processing. Food Sci. Technol, Campinas, 2019 . Available from <http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0101-20612019005013109&lng=en&nrm=iso>. access on 19 Sept. 2019. Epub June 27, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/fst.32417.
Tipo de Acesso: Acesso Aberto
URI: http://repositorio.ifg.edu.br/handle/prefix/275
Data do documento: 27-Jun-2019
Aparece nas coleções:Artigos de Periódicos Científicos

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